RESOLUTION ISC 1 - 1.2.1 (China)

FORUM: INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE 1

QUESTION OF: Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) for Child Soldiers

SUBMITTED BY: China

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, DPR Korea (North), Djibouti, Cuba, Bulgaria, Greece, Israel, ITALY, Portugal, Philippines, Congo, Sierra Leone, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Kingdom, United States of America.

STATUSRejected

 

THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL,

 

Abiding by the principle basis of the Charter of the United Nations,

 

Reminding  Principle 9 of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child which upholds the protection of minors against all forms of neglect, malice, and exploitation,

 

Notes the role globalization has played in furthering the use of Child Soldiers,

 

Draws attention to the targeting of children, specifically in ways of killing, maiming, sexual violence, abduction, and involuntary displacement, as well as their induction and use,

 

Deeply concerned by the deliberate targeting of civilians in situations of armed conflict as well as attacks on objects protected under international law,

 

Emphasizes the importance of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration programs that save children’s lives prevents their exploitation, and gives them a chance to live a normal childhood,

 

Highlights the importance of peacekeeping as a preventive measure in regards to Child Soldiers, 

 

Keeping in mind that 10 to 15 percent of the troop strength of armed forces consists of child soldiers,

 

Aware of the fact that between 2005 and 2020 more than 93.000 child soldiers were used during armed conflict,

 

Fully alarmed that children become part of armed forces due to them being abducted, threatened, manipulated or eager to provide their families with income,

 

  1. Encourages support for the development and expansion of international and domestic institutions to ensure the sustainability of initiatives for the protection, rehabilitation and deradicalization of children participating in armed conflict;
  2. Emphasizes the need for adequate long-term funding towards any Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) efforts in collaboration with the United Nations Children Fund, in order to:
    1. Facilitate the eradication of child soldier recruitment centers,
    2. Convince and encourage all nations to cooperate and act upon this pressing issue, as dictated by the Convention on the rights of the child;      
  3. Decides to create rehabilitation centers to support the recovery and reintegration of Child Soldiers: 
    1. Appropriate therapy will be provided for those traumatized mentaly and/or physically;
    2. Resources and labor will be provided by NGOs and the operation will be coordinated by local governments who will carry out initiatives such as but not limited to:
      1. Construction, treatment for ill patients, and nutrition
    3. Ensuring said personnel receive adequate and appropriate training;
  4. Urges all Member States to take all attainable measures to prevent involuntarily recruitment and use of child soldiers by military organizations, parties and individuals that have been proven to be violating the rights of the children in armed conflicts by means such as, but not limited to:
    1. Ending all trading, funding, allying, or cooperating with these organizations or parties as well as preventing them from gaining advantages in conflicts,
    2. Negotiating and compromising with said organizations or parties for the goal of stopping the use of child soldiers;
  5. Calls upon all relevant member states to sign and ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child, created in 1989 by the UN General Assembly which will further increase the rights of children;
  6. Further reminding of the importance of preventing conflicts which could endanger international peace and security and, in this context, highlights the importance of implementing appropriate preventive measures to resolve such conflicts;
  7. Deplores non-state organizations’ use of children in situations of armed conflict on a domestic and international scale;
  8. Recommends that similar missions to the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL-2003) be hosted in order to diffuse tensions and demobilize children who have taken up arms by taking measures such as but not limited to:
    1.  Confiscating guns and arms to prevent further conflict and hostilities,
    2. Revise UNMIL’s reintegration methods in order to make them more efficient and adequate;
  9. Recognizing that Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) programs can be used not only by child soldiers directly, but also by other children recruited for military purposes such as such as: cooks, porters, messengers, and girls recruited into prostitution or forced marriage;
  10. Asks for the creation of the Coalition For the Monitoring and Prevention of The Use of Child Soldiers (CMPUCS), a United Nations Organization(UNO), which will work with the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), to prevent the use of child soldiers by:
    1. creating a program to Monitor countries use of child soldiers in armed conflicts
    2. a system to monitor long term care and service of child soldiers,
    3. using sanctions on trade to deter the use of child soldiers,
    4. using the International Court of Law to enforce further punishment on continued offenders;
  11. Decides to remain actively seized on the matter.